Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common mental illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Most people feel sad or depressed at times. It’s a normal reaction to loss or a stressful life challenge. But when intense sadness lasts for many days to weeks and keeps you from living your life, it may be something more. Depression causes feelings of sadness (including feelings of hopelessness and helplessness) and/or a loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease your ability to function at work and at home. Depression symptoms can vary from mild to severe and can include:
Depression affects an estimated one in 15 adults (6.7%) in any given year. And one in six people (16.6%) will experience depression at some time in their life. Depression can occur at any time, but on average, first appears during the late teens to mid-20s. Luckily, Depression is treatable. A sufficient number of researches have been conducted and have shown that CBT is the most effective intervention for depressive disorders. Evidence also suggests that relapse rate of patients treated with CBT is lower in comparison to the patients treated with pharmacotherapy alone.